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Tiya is among the most important of the roughly 160 archaeological sites discovered so far in the Soddo region, south of Addis Ababa. The site contains 41` monuments, including 32 carved stelae covered with symbols, most of which are difficult to decipher. They are the remains of an ancient Ethiopian culture whose age has not yet been precisely determined.

The largest and most representative collection of stelae is to be found near the village of Tiya. Originally forty-six stelae were erected in the cemetery between the tenth and fifteenth centuries. Archaeological excavations show that the site contains graves.

The stelae of Tiya have carvings representing swords and various enigmatic signs quite unlike those of other regions. The tradition of erecting megalithic monuments is very ancient in Ethiopia. The site of Tiya is inscribed in UNESCO's World Heritage List.

 The signs on the stelae also include women's breasts, head stools; human body parts and tools, while the number of swords on the steleas signifies how many people a warrior has killed.

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